Landscape plan, Finale Ligure, Savona

Client: Municipality of Finale Ligure
Chronology: Landscape plan: 1994 - 1996; Advice for the town plan: 2002 - 2003
Urban design: Mario Gallarati with Letizia Masciotta, Laura Roccatagliata, Denise Sitara

The work carried out in the territory of Finale Ligure is “operative reading” – on successive levels - of the built reality, an instrument for planning and controlling every intervention destined to affect, on various scales, the context of landscape and environment.
In particular, the division of the territory into ambits or territorial organisms, elementary and homogeneous, and the description of the natural aptitudes of each ambit at the successive levels of the settlement type, of the tissue and of the building type, with a view to preserving, reinforcing or transforming the actual arrangements, form the reference frame for any further choices of urban planning.
The first level concerns the reading of the whole territorial organism and the singling out of the elementary territorial organisms (Finalborgo, Finale Marina, FinalPia-Calvisio, Le Manie-Isasco-Varigotti, Gorra-Olle).
The reading identifies the relationship between the routes forming the territorial system and the different settled nuclei forming its nodal points, so coming to individualize some of them as poles of their own elementary territorial organisms (their “polarizing” role for the surrounding minor nuclei is confirmed also at a building scale by the presence of a standing out organism like the church, which is not present in the minor centres).
The treading by axes and poles of the territorial system (together with that of the farm tissues to be done successively) permits us to single out the elementary organism forming the ambit under examination, and the main laws governing the interior organization and development.
The successive phase presents again, at a closer scale, a reading of the territory concerning its various elementary organisms: by a closer analysis of the axes-poles relationship, we put the basis for a reading of the different settlement types by individualizing not only the relationship between route axes and the location of the settlements, but also of the meaning of the same routes at a territorial scale as direct lines leading to the settled nuclei as bearing axes for the subdivision of their territories to be destined to farming.
In particular, in contrast with a substantially occasional disposition and form of the lots around the nodal points of the road plant (that is, at the intersection of the ridge routes at a local scale with those half-way up the hill) we can notice a tendency to a greater regularity in the land tissue along the half-way up axes and chiefly along those of the valley bottom, such as to permit us, in some cases easily enough, to single out two pertinence bands of the route, on its two sides.
The same diversification in the structure of the farm tissue, rather occasional along the ridge routes and much more systematic along these half-way up, is reflected, on a more detailed scale, in the organization of the building tissues and in the different way of aggregation of the building types, and is therefore a reference element not to be renounced for the evaluation of the choices concerning the consolidation and the building expansion of the settled nuclei.
The synthesis of the readings effected of the single elementary organism is represented on reference tables of projects at the scale of the elementary organism and of the homogeneous landscape unity: by crossing the evaluations made of the route systems and of the farm tissues we can split the whole town territory into homogeneous ambits, characterized, each of them, by one or more reference axes and settlement expansion and by definite boundary lines.